The General settings control your site name, tagline, timezone, and a number of other basic functions.
Discussion settings determine which comments get published on your website and which are held for moderation. Fine-tune your discussion settings to facilitate conversations while minimizing SPAM.
Reading settings influence how your theme displays content on your site. You’ll use these settings to limit the number of posts that appear on any given page and to set a custom home page.
Media settings control the default size and dimensions for all of your media uploads. This lesson provides an introduction to the WordPress media library in addition to explaining the Media settings.
Writing settings allow you to fine-tune the post editor and enable the ability to post by email and other applications.
Permalinks settings control the structure and format of the links to individual pages (and posts) on your website. This lesson simplifies an unnecessarily complex topic that has a huge impact on user experience, and a noticeable impact on search engine performance.